The Public Defender of Rights

Protection of Persons Restricted in their Freedom

Infant homes

Infant homes

Infant homes are intended for children usually till 3 years of age who cannot be brought up in their natural environment (family), particularly for children who are mistreated, neglected or abused and/or whose development is at risk due to the inappropriate social environment. Whether children can be placed in an infant home against the will of their parents (legal guardians) is decided by courts. The placement of a child into an infant home can be also based on various agreements, consents or statements of his/her legal guardians; in this case the stay of such a child is voluntary. Infant homes, as other health care facilities, provide mainly health care and food, housing, clothing and educational activities. However, they also offer housing for biological mothers (or foster parents) together with their children, educational activities and support for biological (or foster) parents or other ambulatory services of a therapeutical nature.

At present, the Defender is the only mechanism for external monitoring of infant homes‘ functioning. Although there are some relevant provisions in the Act no. 372/2011 Coll., on health services, there is no legislation that would comprehensively stipulate the rights of children placed in infant homes and regulate the regime in such facilities. 


Visits and activities in 2011

Visited infant homes

Map of already visited infant homes

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