Supervision of expulsions
Sec. 1 (6) of Act No. 349/1999 Coll., on the Public Defender of Rights, as amended, the Defender is entrusted with the so-called monitoring of expulsion, i.e. monitoring of all processes related to the execution of expulsion, surrender or transit of foreigners. The Defender, as an independent authority, therefore also supervises over the factual procedure of expulsion (both punitive and administrative), surrender or transit of foreigners across the territory of the Czech Republic.
To exercise this mandate, he is rendered assistance by the Police of the Czech Republic and the Ministry of Interior. Both authorities are obliged to advise the Defender sufficiently in advance of every enforcement of surrender, transit and expulsion of foreigners that is to take place on the territory of the Czech Republic.
Upon notification, authorised employees of the Office of the Public Defender of Rights perform random monitoring of expulsion, with an aim particularly to raise the standard of treatment of persons that are being expelled and to act preventively. The employees of the Office of the Public Defender of Rights are present during transfers by air and land, have service passports, are entitled to enter the Prague-Ruzyne Airport and are also entitled to be present in the escort vehicles of the Police of the Czech Republic.
A report is made after each monitoring of expulsion and if the Defender finds any shortcomings in the course of expulsion, he informs competent authorities and recommends how to remove these defects.
In connection with the so-called “Returns Directive” of the European Parliament and of the Council, since 1 January 2011 the Defender has been monitoring the detention of foreigners and the enforcement of forced returns. Employees authorised by the Defender monitor the treatment of foreigners during their detention and in the course of expulsion. Several reports from the forced-return monitoring missions have been translated into English.
Georgia (36/2016/NZ) (663.4 kB, Adobe Acrobat document)
Nigeria (7/2017/NZ) (611.3 kB, Adobe Acrobat document)
Ukraine (18/2017/NZ) (735.9 kB, Adobe Acrobat document)
Vietnam (31/2017/NZ) (570.9 kB, Adobe Acrobat document)
Macedonia (39/2017/NZ) (659.8 kB, Adobe Acrobat document)